- 1 Who defined religion as a means toward ultimate transformation?
- 2 Who argued that we construct a knowable world?
- 3 Who argued that there is no self?
- 4 What is the purpose of group observances and collective rituals in indigenous religions?
- 5 Is the study of the nature of knowledge and truth?
- 6 Was Aristotle a rationalist?
- 7 Why David Hume said that there is no self?
- 8 Did Buddha believe in a soul?
- 9 What are the 3 marks of existence in Buddhism?
- 10 What are the three types of rituals?
- 11 What are the 4 types of religion?
- 12 Can one be spiritual without being religious?
Who defined religion as a means toward ultimate transformation?
Feuerbach. Who defined religion as “a means toward ultimate transformation“? Streng.
Who argued that we construct a knowable world?
Who argued that we construct a knowable world? For Locke, objects in the world consist of primary and secondary qualities. Empiricists argue that we can achieve genuine knowledge independent of sense experience.
Who argued that there is no self?
One of the first Western thinkers to argue for the non-existence of the self was David Hume, the 18th century empiricist philosopher who argued that the self was a fiction.
What is the purpose of group observances and collective rituals in indigenous religions?
Why are the collective rites of indigenous groups important to their identity? They give a group cohesive power.
Is the study of the nature of knowledge and truth?
Epistemology is the study of the nature and scope of knowledge and justified belief. It analyzes the nature of knowledge and how it relates to similar notions such as truth, belief and justification. It also deals with the means of production of knowledge, as well as skepticism about different knowledge claims.
Was Aristotle a rationalist?
Books could be written on this question, but, in a nutshell, Aristotle was both rationalist and empiricist. He was not mystic, unlike Plato who got the mathematical or mystical insight about a possible “invisible” reality.
Why David Hume said that there is no self?
We cannot observe ourselves, or what we are, in a unified way. There is no impression of the “self” that ties our particular impressions together. Hume argues that our concept of the self is a result of our natural habit of attributing unified existence to any collection of associated parts.
Did Buddha believe in a soul?
Buddhism, unlike other religions, does not believe in a creator God or an eternal or everlasting soul. Anatta – Buddhists believe that there is no permanent self or soul. Because there is no unchanging permanent essence or soul, Buddhists sometimes talk about energy being reborn, rather than souls.
What are the 3 marks of existence in Buddhism?
Buddhists believe that there are three characteristics that are common across everything in life. These are known as the Three Marks of Existence. The Three Marks of Existence are important as they can help Buddhists to achieve nibbana and end suffering. They are called dukkha, anatta and anicca.
What are the three types of rituals?
Types of rituals
- Initiation: Into any group, organization, cult, etc.
- Magical: Magical rituals may be practiced with a group, or by oneself.
- Worship: Rituals of worship include prayer, the consecration of food and drink towards a deity, invoking the name of a deity.
What are the 4 types of religion?
Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Jainism are universal religions while Hinduism and Judaism are ethnic religions.
Can one be spiritual without being religious?
Many people think that spirituality and religion are the same thing, and so they bring their beliefs and prejudices about religion to discussions about spirituality. Though all religions emphasise spiritualism as being part of faith, you can be ‘spiritual‘ without being religious or a member of an organised religion.