- 1 Who wanted the Erie Canal built?
- 2 Who helped build the canals?
- 3 How was the state of New York to pay for the building of the Erie Canal?
- 4 What immigrant group helped build the Erie Canal?
- 5 Why is Erie Canal so low?
- 6 Is Erie Canal still used?
- 7 How deep is the Erie Canal now?
- 8 How old is the Erie Canal?
- 9 Did slaves build the Erie Canal?
- 10 How long did it take for the Erie Canal to pay for itself?
- 11 What city was most changed by the Erie Canal?
- 12 How did the Erie Canal benefit the US?
- 13 How many workers died building the Erie Canal?
- 14 What two cities are at the opposite ends of the Erie Canal?
- 15 What type of transport became more popular than the canal in the 1830s?
Who wanted the Erie Canal built?
The idea of building a canal from the east coast to the interior of North America was proposed by George Washington, who actually attempted such a thing in the 1790s.
Who helped build the canals?
George Washington himself supervised the construction of a canal on the Potomac River. He died before the project was completed, but eventually his dream came to life as the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal joined Washington, DC, to coal-rich Cumberland, MD. Today the entire 185-mile stretch is a National Historic Park.
How was the state of New York to pay for the building of the Erie Canal?
Funding. Once the route and plans for the Erie Canal were established, it was time to obtain funds. Therefore, the New York State legislature took the matter into its own hands and approved state funding for the canal in 1816, with tolls to pay back the state treasury for upon completion.
What immigrant group helped build the Erie Canal?
To say that the Irish built the Erie Canal is an exaggeration, since there were British and Germans who worked alongside them, but to say that they were the backbone of the Erie Canal is entirely fair, with over 3,000 Irish immigrants hired on to dig trenches, four feet deep, seven feet wide. and 363 miles long.
Why is Erie Canal so low?
Every year, about a month or so before winter officially hits the region, the Erie Canal is closed to water traffic. Various road culverts empty into the canal, providing some flow of water through the canal. The first freeze of winter usually restricts that flow and lowers the water levels even further, Barbuto said.
Is Erie Canal still used?
Nearly 200 years old and still going strong.
New York’s canal system has been in continuous operation since 1825, longer than any other constructed transportation system on the North American continent. Over the years, it has been enlarged three times to accommodate larger boats and more traffic.
How deep is the Erie Canal now?
|JUST THE FACTS|
|Canal dimensions, 1825 Original Erie||4 ft deep x 40 ft wide; locks 90 ft long|
|Canal dimensions, 1862 Enlarged Erie||7 ft deep x 70 ft wide; lock 110 ft long|
|Canal dimensions, 1918- present Erie Barge Canal||12-23 ft deep x 120-200 ft wide; locks 310 ft long|
|Cost to build||$7,143,789|
How old is the Erie Canal?
Built between 1817 and 1825, the original Erie Canal traversed 363 miles from Albany to Buffalo. It was the longest artificial waterway and the greatest public works project in North America.
Did slaves build the Erie Canal?
Lemmey points out that slavery was not yet abolished in New York during the construction of the Erie Canal, from 1817 to 1825. It ended in the state in 1827. She says that slaves and free blacks living in New York at the time were among those who built the waterway.
How long did it take for the Erie Canal to pay for itself?
The canal was completed in only 8 years at a cost of $7,000,000. When completed on October 26, 1825, DeWitt Clinton (by then Governor of New York) boarded a vessel, the Seneca Chief, in Buffalo and headed to New York City.
What city was most changed by the Erie Canal?
The Erie Canal transformed New York City into America’s commercial capital.
How did the Erie Canal benefit the US?
The completion of the Erie Canal spurred the first great westward movement of American settlers, gave access to the rich land and resources west of the Appalachians and made New York the preeminent commercial city in the United States.
How many workers died building the Erie Canal?
The other three canal projects that made Safer America’s list included the Erie Canal, which recorded 1,000 deaths from its 50,000 workers.
What two cities are at the opposite ends of the Erie Canal?
Two villages competed to be the terminus: Black Rock, on the Niagara River, and Buffalo, at the eastern tip of Lake Erie.
What type of transport became more popular than the canal in the 1830s?
Railway competition and decline
From about 1840, the railway network gained greater importance. Trains could not only carry more than the canals but could transport people and goods far more quickly than the walking pace of the canal boats.