- 1 What was the purpose of the synagogue?
- 2 Why are synagogues built facing Jerusalem?
- 3 What is the most important part of the synagogue and why?
- 4 Who runs a synagogue?
- 5 What are the main features of a synagogue?
- 6 What are the three parts of the Hebrew Bible?
- 7 What is kept in the holy ark?
- 8 Why is the Torah kept in the ark?
- 9 What is the famous Wall in Jerusalem?
- 10 Why is the Star of David important?
- 11 What does Aron hakodesh mean in Hebrew?
- 12 What is the hall of worship of a synagogue called?
- 13 What is the one day a week called that the Jews rest and worship?
What was the purpose of the synagogue?
Synagogues are consecrated spaces used for the purpose of prayer, reading of the Tanakh (the entire Hebrew Bible, including the Torah), study and assembly; however, a synagogue is not necessary for Jewish worship. Halakha holds that communal Jewish worship can be carried out wherever ten Jews (a minyan) assemble.
Why are synagogues built facing Jerusalem?
A ner tamid, a constantly lit light as a reminder of the constantly lit menorah of the Temple in Jerusalem. But this orientation need not be exact, and occasionally synagogues face other directions for structural reasons, in which case the community may face Jerusalem when standing for prayers.
What is the most important part of the synagogue and why?
The Aron Hakodesh, often known as the ark, is the most important place inside all synagogues. The Aron Hakodesh is where the Torah scroll is kept. The ark is usually wooden and has the features of a cupboard, and will often have a curtain or door.
Who runs a synagogue?
In individual religious congregations or synagogues, the spiritual leader is generally the rabbi. Rabbis are expected to be taught in both the Talmud and the Shulkhan Arukh (Code of Jewish Law) as well as many other classical texts of Jewish scholarship.
What are the main features of a synagogue?
A typical synagogue contains an ark (where the scrolls of the Law are kept), an “eternal light” burning before the ark, two candelabra, pews, and a raised platform (bimah), from which scriptural passages are read and from which, often, services are conducted.
What are the three parts of the Hebrew Bible?
The Hebrew Bible is called the Tanakh after the first letter of the name of the three sections of which it is composed: the Torah, the Nevi’im, and the Kethuvim.
What is kept in the holy ark?
Ark, also called Ark Of The Law, Hebrew Aron, orAron Ha-qodesh, (“holy ark”), in Jewish synagogues, an ornate cabinet that enshrines the sacred Torah scrolls used for public worship.
Why is the Torah kept in the ark?
The scrolls are kept in the ARK (ARON HAKODESH) situated against the Eastern wall of the synagogue because this faces Jerusalem. It is a reminder of the ARK in Solomon’s Temple that contained the 10 commandments or the Tablets of Stone.
What is the famous Wall in Jerusalem?
Western Wall, Hebrew Ha-Kotel Ha-Maʿaravi, also called Wailing Wall, in the Old City of Jerusalem, a place of prayer and pilgrimage sacred to the Jewish people.
Why is the Star of David important?
The star was almost universally adopted by Jews in the 19th-century as a striking and simple emblem of Judaism in imitation of the cross of Christianity. The yellow badge that Jews were forced to wear in Nazi-occupied Europe invested the Star of David with a symbolism indicating martyrdom and heroism.
What does Aron hakodesh mean in Hebrew?
Aron Kodesh comes from Hebrew אָרוֹן קׄדֶש ʼārōn qōdeš (i.e. Aron Kodesh), Holy Ark. This name is a reference to the ‘ārōn haqqōdeš, the Hebrew name for the Ark of the Covenant which was stored in the Holy of Holies in the inner sanctuary of both the ancient Tabernacle and the Temple in Jerusalem.
What is the hall of worship of a synagogue called?
Inside the synagogue
The synagogue is the Jewish place of worship, but is also used as a place to study, and often as a community centre as well. Orthodox Jews often use the Yiddish word shul (pronounced shool) to refer to their synagogue. In the USA, synagogues are often called temples.
What is the one day a week called that the Jews rest and worship?
The Jewish Sabbath (from Hebrew shavat, “to rest”) is observed throughout the year on the seventh day of the week—Saturday. According to biblical tradition, it commemorates the original seventh day on which God rested after completing the creation.