FAQ: How To Build A Wet Dry Trickle Filter?

Are trickle filters any good?

Trickle filters provide excellent biological filtration, but do not do much for mechanical or chemical filtration.

Do bio balls need to be submerged?

Bio balls can be submerged underwater!



The only time you wouldn’t place bio balls underwater is if you are using them in a trickle-filter setup. Ideally, you should use some form of mechanical filtration, such as a sponge or filter floss, before the bio balls.

What is better a sump or canister filter?

Canister filters usually have a lower maintenance need than power filters and sumps because the water is being forced through the media as opposed to flowing over or around the media. Most of these filters also return water to the tank via spray bar.

What is the difference between a wet sump and a dry sump?

Wet sump systems store the oil in the pan but a dry sump system stores it in a separate tank and pumps the pan clean leaving it essentially “dry”. The lack of oil in the pan also allows for it to be shallower which improves weight distribution and handling.

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How do trickling filters work?

A trickling filter uses filtration, adsorption, and assimilation for removal of contaminants from wastewater. Wastewater should flow in a thin film over the media to allow time for treatment. The media serves as a substrate where a biological film grows and is fed by the nutrients contained in the wastewater.

What does a trickle filter do?

Trickling filters (TFs) are used to remove organic matter from wastewater. The TF is an aerobic treatment system that utilizes microorganisms attached to a medium to remove organic matter from wastewater.

What can I use instead of bio balls?

Bioballs are nothing more than surface area for nitrifying bacteria to colonize onto. A better replacement would be a sand bed or porous rock.

Which is better bio balls or ceramic rings?

Bio balls only carry nitrifying bacteria. Ceramic noodles can carry both nitrifying bacteria on the surface and denitrifying bacteria inside. That makes ceramic rings the hands down winner since they can carry both types of bacteria.

How often should you clean bio balls?

A. You should normally clean 25% of the foams in your filter once every 2-4 weeks in pond water, as long as it is sized correctly and the pond is not overstocked with fish.

What size sump do I need for a 200 gallon tank?

A 200gallon tank would have the dimensions of 72″ x 24″ x 28″ (or close to it) so you would need a sump tank of around 50-70 gallons. This is a fairly large size so it’s important to make sure you have suitable room in your stand and proper space in the sump for the equipment you need.

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What size sump do I need for a 75 gallon tank?

To figure water volume in gallons use length x height x width (in inches) and divide by 231. In other words, say the water level in your (48″ x 18″ x 20″) 75 gallon tank drops one inch when the power goes out. 48″ x 18″ x 1″ / 231 = 3.74 gallons will drain to the sump.

What size sump do I need for a 100 gallon tank?

What size sump for 100 gallon – Reef Central Online Community. Most people simply use the largest standard-size tank that’ll fit in their stand. A 75g (48x18x18) would work in your case. the largest size that can fit!

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