# FAQ: How To Build A Zoetrope?

## How many frames is a zoetrope?

Ideally, you will have 24 frames-per-second. The minimum is 12. If you have a zoetrope that can spin at one rotation per second (which is fast) you will need 12 frames to get rid of flicker.

## How does a 3D zoetrope work?

Animation and movies rely on still images being flashed quickly in front of our eyes to create an illusion of motion for the human brain. In the 3D zoetrope, this effect is achieved with physical objects, a flashing light and a spinning platform.

## How fast does a zoetrope spin?

Although the zoetrope is used primarily for animations, the typical zoetrope spins at less than 100 rpm, while the yo-yo can reach 5000 rpm on an average throw. So instead of an animation running at 20 or 30 frames per second, the Zoetrope Yo-yo would have an animation at 1000 or 1500 frames per second.

## What does Zoetrope mean?

: an optical toy in which figures on the inside of a revolving cylinder are viewed through slits in its circumference and appear like a single animated figure.

## How do Zoetropes work?

The zoetrope consists of a cylinder with cuts vertically in the sides. As the cylinder spins, the user looks through the cuts at the pictures across. The scanning of the slits keeps the pictures from simply blurring together, and the user sees a rapid succession of images, producing the illusion of motion.

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## Who invented the zoetrope?

William George Horner invented the zoetrope, a rotating drum lined by a band of pictures that could be changed.

## How do you read Zoetrope vinyl?

Zoetrope animations are not visible with the naked eye. There needs to be an interval at the frequency of the number of frames. To view the animations you will need a stroboscope or a shutter speed camera.

## Who invented Praxinoscope?

[The praxinoscope was an animation device, the successor to the zoetrope. It was invented in France in 1877 by Charles-Émile Reynaud. Like the zoetrope, it used a strip of pictures placed around the inner surface of a spinning cylinder.

## What does claymation mean?

—used for animation that features images of clay figures.