Often asked: How To Build A Purple Martin House Birdhouse?

How big should the hole be for a purple martin house?

The best dimensions for purple martin houses are: Entrance hole: The diameter of the entrance hole should be between 1 3/4 and 2 1/4 inches. Entrance holes measuring 2 1/8 inches are the most popular.

What direction should a purple martin house face?

Orientating the doors of a Purple Martin house so they face toward wide open corridors may be sufficient but you still need to maintain open space above the house and prevent trees from encroaching on the sides. Many properties in urbanized areas provide good martin habitat as do rural areas.

What birds will nest in a purple martin house?

Purple Martins compete with House Sparrows and European Starlings for nesting sites. By keeping compartments closed until Purple Martins return to their breeding habitat, you can help reduce this competition. Starling-resistant entrance holes can also help reduce competition from starlings.

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What color should a purple martin house be?

Paint It White



White is the preferred color for purple martin houses. White offers maximum reflection of sunlight, which keeps the interior of the house cool so the birds can flourish and raise their young.

How do you attract purple martins to a new house?

In addition to providing appropriate houses for purple martins, supplying proper nesting materials can help encourage them to take up residence. A nearby pile of small twigs, grass clippings, and leaves is perfect, and a muddy area is also useful as these birds use mud as a binder to hold their nests together.

Is it too late to put up a purple martin house?

Don’t put your martin house up until four to six weeks after the first purple martins arrive. Don’t put your martin house up until four to six weeks after the first purple martins arrive. Or if it’s already in place, keep the holes plugged until then, to exclude starlings and sparrows.

Why have a purple martin house?

They love to eat mosquitoes, beetles, flies, dragonflies, and moths. Attracting Purple Martins to your backyard: Purple martins are best known for their communal nesting in human built apartment houses. Leaving dead trees on your property, is another way to encourage natural nesting by these beneficial birds.

What is the best purple martin house?

The best birdhouses for Purple Martins

  1. Birds Choice Original 4-Floor-16 Room Purple Martin House with Round Holes.
  2. Ravenox Purple Martin Vertical Gourd Bird House.
  3. BestNest Heath 12-Room Two-Story Purple Martin House & Gourds Package.
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What is the difference between a purple martin and a swallow?

Adult (American)



Adult Barn Swallows have longer and more deeply forked tails than Purple Martins. They also have peachy or creamy underparts, whereas female Purple Martins have dingy underparts.

Will sparrows kill purple martins?

Using it’s strong beak, a sparrow will even kill an adult martin unable to escape its house. A colony of purple martins will gradually disappear if sparrows nest near or in their houses.

What eats a purple martin?

The purple martin’s worst enemies are the European starling and the house sparrow. Both of these species are aggressive toward purple martins and may attack or kill birds in competition for nesting sites. Other enemies of purple martins include snakes, raccoons, hawks, owls, squirrels, and feral cats.

What direction should a birdhouse opening face?

First, it is recommended that the birdhouse faces the opposite direction from our prevailing winds. This means, as much as practical, birdhouses should face a northeasterly direction. The height where you place bird boxes should be at least five feet off the ground.

Do purple martins eat wasps?

A: According to experts, purple martins eat only flying insects, and they take them only on the wing, not off the ground. Martins eat beetles, flies, dragonflies, mayflies, bees, stink bugs, cicadas, flying ants, damselflies, butterflies, moths, grasshoppers and wasps.

How do you clean a purple martin house?

Clean Purple Martin Houses Every Fall



First, remove all the nesting material from the house and scrape off any residue from the sides of the wall. Then, take a cleaning solution like a Purple Martin house cleaner and scrub the outside of the house and inside of each cavity.

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