- 1 How did Philip II of Spain come to power?
- 2 How was Philip the 2nd able to conquer Greece?
- 3 What convinced Philip to invade England?
- 4 How did Philip II Augustus increase the power of the French monarchy?
- 5 Why is Prince Philip not king?
- 6 Why did Spain lose power?
- 7 What was one reason for the decline of Greece?
- 8 What military tactic did Philip the second use to defeat the Greek city-states?
- 9 Did Macedonia conquer Greece?
- 10 How many English ships were lost in the Spanish Armada?
- 11 Did Spain ever rule England?
- 12 Why did England go to war with Spain?
- 13 How were Charles V and Philip ll alike and different in their goals of ensuring absolute power and strengthening Catholicism?
- 14 Who was the first king of France?
- 15 Why did the lands of Germany and Italy not become united during the Middle Ages?
How did Philip II of Spain come to power?
How did Philip II become king? Philip II was born on May 21, 1527, in Valladolid, Spain. In 1556 Charles resigned the kingdoms of Spain, the Spanish overseas empire, and the Franche-Comté to Philip. Philip eventually succeeded to all but one of his father’s dominions.
How was Philip the 2nd able to conquer Greece?
How was Philip II able to conquer Greece? He organized his troops into phalanxes of 16 men across and 16 deep, each one armed with an 18-foot pike. Philip used this heavy phalanx formation to break through enemy lines. Then he used fast moving cavalry to crush his disorganized opponents.
What convinced Philip to invade England?
The Treaty of Nonsuch (1585) by which England undertook to support the Dutch rebels against Spanish rule, along with damaging raids by Sir Francis Drake against Spanish commerce in the Caribbean in 1585–86, finally convinced Philip that a direct invasion of England was necessary.
How did Philip II Augustus increase the power of the French monarchy?
He checked the power of the nobles and helped the towns free themselves from seigneurial authority, granting privileges and liberties to the emergent bourgeoisie. He built a great wall around Paris (“the Wall of Philip II Augustus“), re-organized the French government and brought financial stability to his country.
Why is Prince Philip not king?
Prince Philip does not have the title of ‘King‘ simply because the law of succession in Britain is based on gender and not bloodline. The parliamentary law means that when someone marries a King or Queen, they become known as a ‘consort’.
Why did Spain lose power?
Many different factors, including the decentralized political nature of Spain, inefficient taxation, a succession of weak kings, power struggles in the Spanish court and a tendency to focus on the American colonies instead of Spain’s domestic economy, all contributed to the decline of the Habsburg rule of Spain.
What was one reason for the decline of Greece?
There were many reasons for the decline of ancient Greece. One primary reason was the fighting between the various city-states and the inability to form alliances with each other during a time of invasion by a stronger opponent like ancient Rome.
What military tactic did Philip the second use to defeat the Greek city-states?
Answer: Philip used his military knowledge to strengthen the Macedonian army. His soldiers were trained to fight as a phalanx. A phalanx was a large group of foot soldiers armed with shields and spears.
Did Macedonia conquer Greece?
During the reign of the Argead king Philip II (359–336 BC), Macedonia subdued mainland Greece and the Thracian Odrysian kingdom through conquest and diplomacy. During Alexander’s subsequent campaign of conquest, he overthrew the Achaemenid Empire and conquered territory that stretched as far as the Indus River.
How many English ships were lost in the Spanish Armada?
Defeat of the Spanish Armada
By the time the “Great and Most Fortunate Navy” finally reached Spain in the autumn of 1588, it had lost as many as 60 of its 130 ships and suffered some 15,000 deaths.
Did Spain ever rule England?
Captured by Dutch and British troops in 1704, the Spanish king transferred the territory to Great Britain in 1713 under the terms of Article X of the Treaty of Utrecht.
Why did England go to war with Spain?
Why did the Spanish Armada happen? Years of religious and political differences led up to the conflict between Catholic Spain and Protestant England. The Spanish saw England as a competitor in trade and expansion in the ‘New World’ of the Americas.
How were Charles V and Philip ll alike and different in their goals of ensuring absolute power and strengthening Catholicism?
How were Charles v and Philip ii alike and different in their goals of ensuring absolute power and strengthening catholicism? They both wanted to stop Protestantism, they felt a call in life and it was to strengthen the church. He protected Protestants and he issued the Edict of Nantes giving them religious freedoms.
Who was the first king of France?
The first king calling himself Roi de France (“King of France”) was Philip II, in 1190. France continued to be ruled by the Capetians and their cadet lines—the Valois and Bourbon—until the monarchy was abolished in 1792 during the French Revolution. France in the Middle Ages was a de-centralised, feudal monarchy.
Why did the lands of Germany and Italy not become united during the Middle Ages?
The lands of Germany and Italy did not become united during the Middle Ages because their monarchies were either weak or nonexistent and because local ruling nobles and states held a relatively great amount of power and independence.