Quick Answer: How To Build A Stair Landing For A Deck?

How do you build deck stairs with landing?

There are 6 steps to completing this project:

  1. Step 1: Finish Decking First.
  2. Step 2: Make Lower-stair Stringers.
  3. Step 3: Install Center Stringers.
  4. Step 4: Attach Stringers to Pad.
  5. Step 5: Attach Toe-kick.
  6. Step 6: Attach Stringers to Toe-kick.

How do you calculate stairs for a landing?

The height of the landing is determined by where it is located along the stair run. In this design, since it is half way from the top level, it is 8 steps high (8 x height of each step (6 7/8) equals 55 inches). The horizontal positioning of the mid-level landing is determined by the number of treads on the stair run.

Do deck stairs need a landing?

SAFE, SUPPORTED STAIRS: Deckstair construction varies, but the general requirements are consistent: proper footing support, and an adequate landing. Regardless of the stair run and number of treads, the stairway needs a footing at the bottom to support the stringers—they can’t just rest on the ground.

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Does the landing count as a step?

Does the landing count as a step? Yes it does. Remember that when counting stairs, you are counting how many times you have to lift your foot. If you have to lift your foot to get onto the landing, then it counts as a step.

Do deck stairs have to land on concrete?

Stair landings must be at least as wide as the stair and at least 3 feet deep. On the other hand, solid, flat, and stable materials, such as concrete, flagstone, pavers, or brick, can be installed with a measurable slope and will not usually shift under the weight of an off-balance person completing a stairway descent.

How big should a landing be?

Landing Locations



A minimum landing depth of 36 inches is specified in most building codes. In general, a landing need not be deeper than 4 feet, no matter how wide the stairs are, if it’s at the end of a straight run of stairs.

How big should a stair landing be?

Every landing shall have a minimum dimension of 36 inches (914 mm) measured in the direction of travel. Some codes such as Florida in the U.S. require that the landing length be at least 44 inches.

How do you attach a landing to an existing staircase?

Keep the frame square and place interior joists on 16-inch centers. Raise the landing frame up to the bottom of the stair stringers and build a support wall under each side. Connect the support walls to the landing frame with nails or screws. Plumb the walls and fasten them to the floor.

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Does a landing count as a riser?

Common Stairway Terms



Riser: A riser is the vertical measurement of each stair. Landing: A landing is a platform between two flights of stairs. Nosing: The section of the tread that overhangs the riser below. Staircase width: Width refers to the length of risers and treads from side to side.

How many stairs can you have before a landing?

Length of flight Stairs with more than 36 risers in consecutive flights should have at least one change in direction between flights. For buildings other than dwellings, the maximum number of risers between landings should be 16 for utility stairs and 12 for general access stairs. There should not be any single steps.

Are stairs at 45 degrees?

For example, if you were crazy and built a staircase with a 12 inch tread and riser, then the angle of the stringer to the floor would be 45 degrees. A more common angle is about 37 degrees. You can achieve this if you build a staircase with a 7.5 inch riser and a 10 inch tread.

How high can a deck be without stairs?

There is no standard height for a “grade-level” deck—the maximum measurement from grade to the deck surface could be 6 inches, 12 inches, 24 inches, or more. But generally speaking, I apply the term to decks that are up to 30 inches above grade, since guardrails are required for any decks that are higher than that.

What do you put under stairs on a deck?

Just two at the bottom. The other option is to put in a solid stone or concrete pad. Needs to be on compacted soil with gravel under. Most importantly it needs to be level.

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How many stringers do I need for deck stairs?

Deck Stair Basics



Deck stairs are typically made from 2 x 12 stringers spaced about 12 to 16 inches apart. They rest on a solid foundation and are attached to the deck with hangers. They have risers (also called toe kicks), treads and railings. The stairs should be at least 36 inches wide.

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